Sector: Technology

The Technology subsector consists of the Electronic Manufacturing Services & Original Design Manufacturing, Hardware, and Software & IT Services industries.

  • The Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) & Original Design Manufacturing (ODM) industry consists of two main segments. EMS companies provide assembly, logistics, and after-market services for original equipment manufacturers. The ODM segment of the industry provides engineering and design services for original equipment manufacturers and may own significant intellectual property. Although EMS & ODM companies produce equipment for a variety of sectors, the industry is closely associated with the Hardware industry, which consists of companies that design technology hardware products such as personal computers, consumer electronics, and storage devices for both personal consumers and businesses.
  • The Hardware industry consists of companies that design and sell technology hardware products, including computers, consumer electronics, communications equipment, storage devices, components, and peripherals. Many companies in the industry rely heavily on the Electronic Manufacturing Services & Original Design Manufacturing (EMS & ODM) industry for manufacturing services. The industry is expected to continue to grow as the use of technology rapidly grows, especially from consumers in emerging markets.
  • The Software & Information Technology (IT) Services industry offers products and services globally to retail, business, and government customers, and includes companies involved in the development and sales of applications software, infrastructure software, and middleware. The industry is generally competitive, but with dominant players in some segments. While relatively immature, the industry is characterized by high-growth companies that place a heavy emphasis on innovation and depend on human and intellectual capital. The industry also includes IT services companies delivering specialized IT functions, such as consulting and outsourced services. New industry business models include cloud computing, software as a service, virtualization, machine-to-machine communication, big data analysis, and machine learning. Additionally, brand value is key for companies in the industry to scale and achieve network effects, whereby wide adoption of a particular software product leads to self-perpetuating growth in sales.

Tech-Based Energy Efficiency Solutions

Technology and Communications

Expected Impact

Energy efficient infrastructure solutions will reduce energy consumption and decrease energy-related CO2 emissions in the country.

Indicative Return

Market Size

Content/application design for online learning

Technology and Communications
Technology and Communications
Technology and Communications

Expected Impact

Especially during crises like the COVID-19 pandemic, this IOA will ensure uninterrupted access to learning resources and improve teaching outcomes

Indicative Return

Investment Timeframe

Market Size

Assistive technology tools for students or employees with disabilities

Technology
Technology
Technology
Technology

Expected Impact

This IOA will promote access to inclusive education, develop the human resources of the country and increase the value-added from education technology

Indicative Return
More than 25%

Investment Timeframe
Short Term (0–5 years)

Wearable Medical Technologies for Better Health

Expected Impact

This IOA will facilitate early diagnosis and reduce the pressure on healthcare facilities, contributing positively to health and wellbeing indicators

Investment Timeframe
Medium Term (5–10 years)